The map presents case studies from various countries in Asia on strategy of organizing informal workers and collective bargaining. The collective bargaining here refers to a process wherein the informal workers are able to constitute some form of political power. This includes a process of creating and recreating social solidarity among workers from various and diverse sectors, creating representational space and identifying targets for collective bargaining. Most of the case studies presented here are based on Asia Monitor Resource Centre (AMRC) work with various partners in Asia.
|0: Beyond Collective Bargaining :Case Study of Southeast Asia Region|
|1: Woman Workers in Service Industry in Cambodia|
|2: Women as unpaid family workers|
|3: Working Poor Women in Urban Slum Area in Philippines|
|4: Organizing inside the Zone,Batam Free Trade Zone, Indonesia|
|5: Cross Sector Alliance, North Sumatra Province, Indonesia|
|6: Waste Pickers Organizing in Central Java Province Indonesia|
|7: Informal Workers Organizing in Cambodia|
|8: Organizing Contract Workers|
|9: Workshop on Cross Sector Alliance |
|10: Regional Meeting Proceeding on Informal Workers Organizing and Collective Bargaining|
|11: Reflection group meeting on informalization|
|12: Designing Training Manual for Contract Workers|
|13: Designing Training Manual for Informal Economy Workers|
|14: Plantation Casual Workers Rally for Their Rights|
Around 65 percent out of 280 million workforce in Southeast Asia region are vulnerably employed. Discussion on collective bargaining in this sub region involves other issues such as land grabbing, workers mobility and competition among workers for the livelihood territory especially in the urban area. Beyond collective bargaining suggests a process,beyond the regulatory framework, where workers reclaim their political space.
Full story: http://amrc.org.hk/node/1225
As in 2010, in Indonesia women make up 34.4 percent of own account workers and 33.6 percent of unpaid family workers (ILO 2010). AMRC has been working with KPS, a group which organizes palm oil plantation workers and landless peasants in North Sumatra Province in Indonesia to encourage the formation of cross sector alliance between landless peasant and casual workers. One of the major issue is women as unpaid family workers inside the plantation. Through several workshops, the women gained their confidence to recognize themselves as workers. Thus, they are entitled to workers' rights. They also determine to make themselves visible, capable of becoming agent of change.
Full story: http://amrc.org.hk/node/1147
In 2009, AMRC and Ecunemical Institution for Labour Education and Research (EILER) in Philippines organized a workshop involving groups organizing informal workers in urban and rural area. One of the issue discussed in the workshop was working poor women in slum area bearing dual burden of child rearing and earning livelihood. The workshop tried to address the best forms of organizing in dealing with that issue.
Full story http://amrc.org.hk/node/1147
Almost 80 percent of the workforce in Riau Island in Indonesia is contract workers who are recruited through recruitment agencies. Workers are required to pay the placement fee which ranges from 16 to 100 USD. Beside accelerating informalization further, the zone contributes to the creation of precarious society. Full story on organizing and political bargaining strategy inside the zone: http://amrc.org.hk/node/1236
In North Sumatra Province, Indonesia,around 236,000 people work in the palm oil plantation estates. Around 80000palm oil plantation workers, 34 percent of the total workforce in the palm oilplantations are casual workers. Despite the fact that palm oil has been theprimary commodity generating the national income, the permanent plantationworkers only earn US$103/month which could only covers 60% of the basic needs.Meanwhile, the casual workers have to survive on US$1, 5 per day. The absenceof rights to freedom of association and other workers basic rights have leftplantation workers unprotected and vulnerable to various forms of rightsviolation.
As thegovernment is determined to accelerate the growth of the industry,approximately around 400,100 hectares ofagriculture land and forests is converted into palm oil plantations in North Sumatra. The conversionof agriculture land is often executed in the aggressive and violent mannerstipulating prolonged social conflict between peasants and plantations. Thelandless peasants then are forced to survive by becoming casual workers in theplantations. The conversion of agriculture land has also threatened thesustainability of food sovereignty as rice product in North Sumatra province hasdecreased by around 20% per year.
Following is the documentation of AMRC work with the local group, KPS from 2009-11 to encourage the formation of cross sector alliance between landless peasants and casual workers
In Indonesia, by estimation, 92 percent of the 114 million workforce is engaged to the informal employment. The following case study focuses on waste pickers organizing in Solo, Central Java Province, Indonesia. It captures the struggle of the waste pickers against forced eviction. The groups managed to gain a political recognition after series of protest and negotiation before the local authorities.
Full story : the attached booklet of New Ways of Organizing pp 7-11 http://amrc.org.hk/node/1170
In Cambodia, almost 80 percent of the total workforce is engaged to the informal work. AMRC started working with Cambodia Labour Confederation (CLC) in 2009 by organizing a workshop to conceptualize and map out the informalization in Cambodia. Some case studies such as tuk-tuk drivers organizing and beer promotion workers organizing set up an example of the process how collective bargaining power is gradually constituted.
Full story: http://regionalinitiatives.wordpress.com/2012/02/19/organizing-informal-workers-in-cambodia/
The following report is a proceeding of 2010 AMRC workshop report which was organized in Hong Kong on May 28-29,2010. The meeting involved groups from 9 countries in Asia to discuss forms of informal workers organizations. The report contains tables of various organizing strategies, collective bargaining and local political background. Full report : http://amrc.org.hk/node/994
In 2010, AMRC co-organized a small workshop with Confederation of Indonesia Union Alliance (KASBI) in Central Java province, Indonesia. The workshop involved local groups that organized peasants, waste pickers and fishermen. The report of the workshop reflects a process wherein the groups shared their experiences in dealing with various issues such as land grabbing and privatization of coastal area.
All experiences were structured and to be used as a basis to design a training manual.
In the same year, the local organizations managed to publish the manual in the local language.
Full story : http://regionalinitiatives.wordpress.com/2012/02/17/indonesia-organizing-informal-workers-in-urban-area/
On August 14, 2012, palm oil casual workers in North Sumatra Indonesia, members of Indonesia Plantation Union (SBPI) rallied and pushed for negotiation with local authorities to demand their basic rights as workers. Full story: https://regionalinitiatives.wordpress.com/2012/08/17/hundreds-of-casual-workers-of-langkat-nusantara-kepong-company-rally-for-their-rights/