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In the ancient Greek world, Palea Paphos was one of the most important pilgrimage centers due to its famous Sanctuary of Aphrodite, the goddess of love and fertility. The cult of Aphrodite was officially established on Cyprus in 1500 BC, with the building of a hilltop temple on this site, and thrived until the the 4th century AD.
Unfortunately, virtually all that remains today is the holy ground itself. However, a picture of the shrine survives on a Roman coin issued under Caracalla between 198 and 217 AD, and scholars believe Aphrodite was worshipped in the form of a conical stone in an open-air temple.
Learn more: Sanctuary of Aphrodite, Palea Paphos
Explore: Sacred Sites of Cyprus