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Lumbini is the birthplace of the Buddha and one of four major Buddhist pilgrimage sites based on events in the life of the Buddha. According to Buddhist tradition, Maya Devi gave birth to the Buddha on her way to her parent's home in Devadaha in the year 642 BC. The Buddha is said to have announced, "This is my final rebirth" as he entered the world. The site was abandoned in the 9th century when Buddhism declined here, and lie hidden for a millenium until it was rediscovered in 1895. Mahadevi Temple marks the birth site, and a sacred pool nearby is where Maha Devi bathed before delivery. Ashoka's pillar, erected in 249 BC, is next to the temple.
Learn more: Lumbini